BGP Confederations (GNS3 Lab)

Similar to using route reflectors confederations are usually used to reduce the amount of IBGP connections needed for a full mesh. They do this by splitting an AS into multiple sub ASs. In the sub ASs created by the confederation all the…

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Changing MED value in BGP (GNS3 lab)

BGP Multiexit Discriminator (MED orMULTI_EXIT_DISC) is an optional nontransative attribute (Type code Value 4). It is usually used to exchange info about a preffered to external BGP neighbours. MED is passed between ASs unlike LOCAL_PREF but each time it is…

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BGP Attributes

When BGP sends an UPDATE packet to a peer it sends path attributes associated with the prefix. These path attributes are then used by BGP to pick the best route to a destination. BGP attributes are similar to metrics in…

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QoS fields

The QoS fields used by the network device depend on the capabilities of the device and the QoS deployments of the network. Below is a little info about a few of these fields. This post will be edited over time…

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