How to configure Smokeping alerts
SmokePing keeps track of your network latency:
*Best of breed latency visualisation.
*Interactive graph explorer.
*Wide range of latency measurement plugins.
*Master/Slave System for distributed measurement.
*Highly configurable alerting system.
*Live Latency Charts with the most 'interesting' graphs.
*Free and OpenSource Software written in Perl written by Tobi Oetiker, the creator of MRTG and RRDtool
Another great feature of smokeping is the ability to write your own Alert rules and them have smokeping email when a rule is fired. Very useful :D The guide for this is taken from an Ubuntu 10.04 server but the config should be pretty much the same on any *nix (some linux versions contain all these elements in a single config file).
First off we write our rules in
/etc/smokeping/config.d/Alerts. I only use two rules at the moment for basic checking/alerting. Not the use of edgetrigger. This means a rule only send alerts when its state changes I.e one email to report the fault raised and one to report cleared. If you dont use this a mail will be sent every 5 minutes when the rule is triggering.
*** Alerts *** # This is an Alias on the machine to = smokealert@localhost from = firstname.lastname@example.org # This rule checks for 3 periods (3 * 5min default) where # the rtt is >70ms +rttdetect type = rtt # in milli seconds pattern = >70,>70,>70 edgetrigger = yes comment = On backup circuit maybe? # This rule checks for one period (1 * 5mins) of >60% loss +hostdown type = loss # in percent pattern = >60% edgetrigger = yes comment = Massive loss for 5 mins
From the rules above I send Alerts to a local alias. This is so I can easily send mails to multiple mailboxes. I do this by editing the aliases file
vi /etc/aliases adding the line below then running the
newaliases command to register the aliase
Then I have a file with an email address on each line at
/etc/smokeping/config.d/userstoaler. So e.g.
email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Now just edit the Targets and apply the rules to the hosts you want
++ Google menu = Google title = Google.com host = google.com alerts = hostdown ++ m00nie menu = m00nie title = m00nie host = m00nie.com alerts = rttdetect,hostdown
Now simply restart the smokeping service
service smokeping restart and your good to go :)
Example of an email alert received.
Thu Jul 5 02:28:17 2012 Alert "hostdown" was raised for http://m00nie.com/cgi-bin/smokeping.cgi?target=m00nie Pattern ------- > 60% Data (old --> now) ------------------ loss: 0%, 0%, 0%, 100% rtt: 21ms, 22ms, 21ms, U Comment ------- Massive loss for 5 mins